RFR 6307456 : UnixFileSystem_md.c use of chmod() and access() should handle EINTR signal appropriately (unix)

David Holmes david.holmes at oracle.com
Fri Mar 15 06:43:11 UTC 2019

Hi Ivan,

On 15/03/2019 11:42 am, Ivan Gerasimov wrote:
> Thank you David!
> On 3/14/19 4:48 PM, David Holmes wrote:
>> Hi Ivan,
>> This is an "ancient" bug that you are fixing. I don't think it is valid.
>> On 15/03/2019 3:29 am, Ivan Gerasimov wrote:
>>> Hello!
>>> Not all the man pages agree that chmod, access and statvfs64 can be 
>>> interrupted, but at least on some platforms they are allowed to fail 
>>> with EINTR:  chmod(2) on MacOS, access(2) on Solaris and statvfs(3) 
>>> on Linux.
>>> So, it would be more accurate to wrap these up into a RESTARTABLE loop.
>> When Java threads are created, or native threads attach to the VM to 
>> become Java threads, they all get a very specific signal-mask to block 
>> most (non synchronous) signals. The signals that we install handlers 
>> for in the VM are also configured with SA_RESTART. So unless 
>> specifically specified as not honouring SA_RESTART we should not need 
>> the RESTARTABLE loop.
> But isn't it possible to install a custom signal handler through JNI, 
> omitting SA_RESTART flag?

It's possible - then you also have to update signal masks. But yes possible.

>> So I'm not clear exactly what signals we need to be guarding against 
>> here, or whether this indicates some kind of (historic) mismatch 
>> between the library and VM code?
> grep shows that RESTARTABLE macro and its variants are used throughout 
> hotspot and jdk code.

Yes and on closer examination you will find a lot of inconsistencies. 
RESTARTABLE goes back a long way and many of the I/O APIs have switched 
locations over the years. Stuff was copied from the HPI layer into 
hotspot, then back to the JDK and sometimes things were copied with 
RESTARTABLE and sometimes not; and sometimes ports were written that 
copied RESTARTABLE and sometimes not; and sometime new APIs were added 
that were RESTARTABLE and sometimes not. All in all a bit of a mess.

For example here are some uses of write in JDK libs:

./share/native/libzip/zlib/gzwrite.c:                writ = 
write(state->fd, state->x.next, put);
./unix/native/libnio/ch/IOUtil.c:    return convertReturnVal(env, 
write(fd, &c, 1), JNI_FALSE);
./unix/native/libnio/ch/FileDispatcherImpl.c:    return 
convertReturnVal(env, write(fd, buf, len), JNI_FALSE);
RESTARTABLE(write((int)dst, bufp, len), n);
RESTARTABLE(write((int)fd, bufp, (size_t)nbytes), n)
./unix/native/libjava/ProcessImpl_md.c:    write(c->childenv[1], (char 
*)&magic, sizeof(magic)); // magic number first
./unix/native/libjava/io_util_md.c:    RESTARTABLE(write(fd, buf, len), 

A mix of RESTARTABLE and not.

> If it were possible to guarantee that no syscalls are ever interrupted, 
> it would surely be much cleaner to remove all these wrappers and loops.

There is no guarantee as you note - someone could install their own 
handler for SIGUSR1 (not used by the VM) for example and not use 
SA_RESTART and cause unexpected EINTR.

But that problem could arise today in many different places not just the 
couple you are changing here.

So it comes down to a basic question of signal handling philosophy: do 
we expect/require SA_RESTART to always be used, or do we always guard 
against EINTR? The Go folk had a similar choice:


We're kind of in a messy undecided state. We use SA_RESTART ourselves 
but don't document its need for others to use, nor do we enforce its use 
even through libjsig (for signal chaining). We use RESTARTABLE in some 
places but not in others.

So yeah feel free to make these changes, just realize they are only one 
part of a larger problem (if we intend to allow no SA_RESTART).


> With kind regards,
> Ivan
>> Thanks,
>> David
>> -----
>>> Also, java_io_UnixFileSystem_list was tiny-optimized to avoid 
>>> unnecessary reallocation.
>>> Would you please help review the fix?
>>> BUGURL: https://bugs.openjdk.java.net/browse/JDK-6307456
>>> WEBREV: http://cr.openjdk.java.net/~igerasim/6307456/00/webrev/
>>> Thanks in advance!

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