PKCS#11 provider issues with min and max size

Tomas Gustavsson tomas at primekey.se
Fri Feb 9 10:16:05 UTC 2018


I just realized that a natural place to configure provider behavior is
in the provider construction, which is also per provider, so you can
have multiple ones with different configuration. We are already using an
InputStream to construct SunPKCS11, and adding more parameters to
configure/override defaults would be natural.

I.e.:
-----
name =  <providername>
library = <p11 library>;
slot = slot
rsakeygenmech = CKM_RSA_X9_31_KEY_PAIR_GEN
rsakeygenmechminsize = 1024
rsakeygenmechmaxsize = 8192

attributes(*, CKO_PUBLIC_KEY, *) = {
  CKA_TOKEN = false
  CKA_ENCRYPT = true
  CKA_VERIFY = true
  CKA_WRAP = true
}
attributes(*, CKO_PRIVATE_KEY, *) = {
  CKA_DERIVE = false
  CKA_TOKEN = true
  CKA_PRIVATE = true
  CKA_SENSITIVE = true
  CKA_EXTRACTABLE = false
  CKA_DECRYPT = true
  CKA_SIGN = true
  CKA_UNWRAP = true
}
attributes(*, CKO_SECRET_KEY, *) = {
  CKA_SENSITIVE = true
  CKA_EXTRACTABLE = false
  CKA_ENCRYPT = true
  CKA_DECRYPT = true
  CKA_SIGN = true
  CKA_VERIFY = true
  CKA_WRAP = true
  CKA_UNWRAP = true
}
-----

Cheers,
Tomas

On 2018-02-09 09:55, Tomas Gustavsson wrote:
> 
> Hi,
> 
> Thanks for the answer. (sorry I was out with the flu for a week)
> 
>> I am not too keen to add an env var/system property to accommodate this
>> kind of PKCS11 library bugs since this should be rare I hope.
>> Valerie
> 
> Unfortunately I don't see it as rare and the impact is huge due to the
> slow turnaround of HSM firmware. Due to FIPS certification and whatnot
> HSM vendors do not fix simple things like this sometimes in years. This
> puts customers to a complete halt in the meantime. These are heavily
> certified environments where re-certification alone takes at least 6 months.
> 
> Having worked with all major HSM vendors for many years I know that
> PKCS11 library bugs are not rare at all. If we'd be using PKCS#11
> natively, you can hack around by ignoring bad values, but when using
> SunPKCS#11 you are stuck with Java's rules unless you patch SunPKCS11
> which is not for everyone.
> 
> Due to the strictness of using SunPKCS11 compared to native PKCS#11,
> some more flexibility in configuration would help a lot.
> 
> For many years SunPKCS11 have worked great. But also the HSM world is
> moving faster than they did 5 years ago, and unfortunately this means
> that we're seeing a huge rise in PKCS#11 issues in the last year,
> requiring quite a lot of hacking in SunPKCS11 to workaround. In theory
> it should not be needed, but in practice it is. Faster evolution = more
> bugs.
> 
> I just showed two real world use cases that you really need to be able
> to work around. And these will not be the last. PKCS#11 is a complex
> standard and implementors will rarely get it exactly right.
> 
> Increased flexibility and more control around PKCS#11 will be needed in
> the future imho, or users will be forced to move to other solutions like
> JackNJI11. We'd much rather use SunPKCS11 but customers (end users)
> can't get stuck between Java and HSM vendors in a fight who does PKCS#11
> right or wrong.
> 
> Cheers,
> Tomas
> 
> On 2018-02-01 01:07, Valerie Peng wrote:
>>
>> Thanks for the feedback. I suppose we can ignore values which obviously
>> don't make sense such as 0 or max being less than min key size.
>> However, if the underlying PKCS11 library vendors forgot to update the
>> max value as in your comment#2, supposedly they should fix it.
>> I am not too keen to add an env var/system property to accommodate this
>> kind of PKCS11 library bugs since this should be rare I hope.
>> Valerie
>>
>> On 1/30/2018 12:22 AM, Tomas Gustavsson wrote:
>>> Hi,
>>>
>>> At some revision in the PKCS#11 provider there was introduced checking
>>> of C_GetMechanismInfo min and max sizes.
>>>
>>> This has turned out to be a bit fragile. Let me give two real world
>>> examples:
>>>
>>> 1. Amazon Cloud HSM report minSize and maxSize for EC keys to 0. The
>>> Java PKCS#11 provider will happily take 0 as maxSize and refuse to
>>> generate any EC keys at all. Needless to say, without the Java check it
>>> would be no problem.
>>>
>>> 131: C_GetMechanismInfo
>>> 2018-01-30 07:52:20.740
>>> [in] slotID = 0x1
>>>   CKM_EC_KEY_PAIR_GEN
>>> [out] pInfo:
>>> CKM_EC_KEY_PAIR_GEN           : min:0 max:0 flags:0x10001 ( Hardware
>>> KeyPair )
>>> Returned:  0 CKR_OK
>>>
>>> (we are reporting this to Amazon as well)
>>>
>>> 2. Thales HSMs (some?) report maxSize for RSA_PKCS key generation as
>>> 4096, but will happily generate 8192 bit keys. I.e. the reported maxSize
>>> is not true.
>>> We have customers who used to generate 8192 bit RSA keys, but after a
>>> Java update can not do so anymore, because Java compares against this
>>> value.
>>>
>>>
>>> * Suggestions:
>>>
>>> 1. In the constructor of P11KeyPairGenerator where minKeyLen and
>>> maxKeyLen are calculated, never allow maxKeyLen to be less than
>>> minKeyLen.
>>>
>>> I.e. change the part:
>>>          // auto-adjust default keysize in case it's out-of-range
>>>          if ((minKeyLen != -1) && (keySize < minKeyLen)) {
>>>              keySize = minKeyLen;
>>>          }
>>>          if ((maxKeyLen != -1) && (keySize > maxKeyLen)) {
>>>              keySize = maxKeyLen;
>>>          }
>>>
>>> To include something like:
>>>          // auto-adjust default keysize in case it's out-of-range
>>>          if ((minKeyLen != -1) && (keySize < minKeyLen)) {
>>>              keySize = minKeyLen;
>>>          }
>>>          if ((maxKeyLen != -1) && (maxKeyLen < minKeyLen)) {
>>>              maxKeyLen = minKeyLen;
>>>          }
>>>          if ((maxKeyLen != -1) && (keySize > maxKeyLen)) {
>>>              keySize = maxKeyLen;
>>>          }
>>>
>>> 2. Allow to ignore checking of maxKeyLen by some means, i.e. allow to
>>> ignore checking against C_GetMechanismInfo if you know that the HSM does
>>> not provide sane values. I.e. an environment variable for example
>>> reverting back to the old behavior when these were ignored.
>>>
>>> Regards,
>>> Tomas Gustavsson
>>>
>>


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