RFR: 8294241: Deprecate URL public constructors [v2]

Daniel Fuchs dfuchs at openjdk.org
Fri Oct 28 14:54:26 UTC 2022

> Deprecate URL constructors. Developers are encouraged to use `java.net.URI` to parse or construct any URL.
> The `java.net.URL` class does not itself encode or decode any URL components according to the escaping mechanism defined in RFC2396. It is the responsibility of the caller to encode any fields, which need to be escaped prior to calling URL, and also to decode any escaped fields, that are returned from URL. 
> This has lead to many issues in the past.  Indeed, if used improperly, there is no guarantee that `URL::toString` or `URL::toExternalForm` will lead to a URL string that can be parsed back into the same URL. This can lead to constructing misleading URLs. Another issue is with `equals()` and `hashCode()` which may have to perform a lookup, and do not take encoding/escaping into account.
> In Java SE 1.4 a new class, `java.net.URI`, has been added to mitigate some of the shortcoming of `java.net.URL`. Conversion methods to create a URL from a URI were also added. However, it was left up to the developers to use `java.net.URI`, or not. This RFE proposes to deprecate all public constructors of `java.net.URL`, in order to provide a stronger warning about their potential misuses. To construct a URL, using `URI::toURL` should be preferred.
> In order to provide an alternative to the constructors that take a stream handler as parameter, a new factory method `URL::fromURI(java.net.URI, java.net.URLStreamHandler)` is provided as  part of this change.
> Places in the JDK code base that were constructing `java.net.URL` have been temporarily annotated with `@SuppressWarnings("deprecation")`.  Some related issues will be logged to revisit the calling code.
> The CSR can be reviewed here: https://bugs.openjdk.org/browse/JDK-8295949

Daniel Fuchs has updated the pull request with a new target base due to a merge or a rebase. The incremental webrev excludes the unrelated changes brought in by the merge/rebase. The pull request contains four additional commits since the last revision:

 - Updated after review comments. In particular var tmp => var => _unused - and avoid var in java.xml
 - Merge branch 'master' into deprecate-url-ctor-8294241
 - Fix whitespace issues
 - 8294241


  - all: https://git.openjdk.org/jdk/pull/10874/files
  - new: https://git.openjdk.org/jdk/pull/10874/files/25a0188c..fd4ca287

 - full: https://webrevs.openjdk.org/?repo=jdk&pr=10874&range=01
 - incr: https://webrevs.openjdk.org/?repo=jdk&pr=10874&range=00-01

  Stats: 25761 lines in 392 files changed: 1581 ins; 23649 del; 531 mod
  Patch: https://git.openjdk.org/jdk/pull/10874.diff
  Fetch: git fetch https://git.openjdk.org/jdk pull/10874/head:pull/10874

PR: https://git.openjdk.org/jdk/pull/10874

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